Raw Materials

Polyester polyols are a type of polyol compound that serve as one of the main components in the production of polyurethane materials. Polyester polyols, along with other types of polyols like polyether polyols, play a crucial role in the versatility and customization of polyurethane materials, making them suitable for various applications across industries such as automotive, construction, furniture, textiles, and more.

The manufacture of polyester polyols involves a chemical reaction between a dicarboxylic acid and a glycol. Here's a general overview of the process:

1. Raw Materials Preparation: The primary raw materials required for manufacturing polyester polyols are a dicarboxylic acid and a glycol. Common dicarboxylic acids used include adipic acid, phthalic anhydride, isophthalic acid and terephthalic acid. Glycols such as diethylene glycol, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, 1,4-butanediol, neopentyl glycol and 1,6-hexanediol are commonly used as well. These raw materials need to be sourced and prepared in appropriate quantities.

2. Esterification Reaction: The manufacturing process begins with the esterification reaction, where the dicarboxylic acid and glycol are reacted together in the presence of a catalyst or without catalyst. The catalyst helps promote the reaction and increase the reaction rate. Water is also generated as a byproduct during this reaction. The reaction can be represented as follows: Dicarboxylic Acid + Glycol → Polyester + Water, The esterification reaction is typically carried out under heat and vacuum conditions to remove the water produced and drive the reaction towards completion. This stage is called the poly condensation reaction. The reaction continues until the desired OH (hydroxyl number) is achieved, and the resulting product is a polyester with hydroxyl (OH) groups at the ends.

3. Final Product Adjustment: The properties of the polyester polyol can be adjusted by controlling the type of dicarboxylic acid, glycol, and the equivalent ratios of reactants used during the synthesis. This allows manufacturers to customize the molecular weight, functionality, and other characteristics of the polyester polyol to meet specific application requirements.

4. Packaging and Storage: The final filtered polyester polyol is typically cooled. The product is then packaged and stored in suitable containers blanketed with nitrogen to prevent contamination or degradation until it is ready for use in the formulation of polyurethane materials.

Raw Materials - Technical Data Sheets


LAXTER AR-305 is a hydroxyl group terminated branched aromatic polyester.This polyester is specially designed for rigid foam applications. This product can offer excellent dimensional stability and excellent flammability performance and may be used for systems which require a Class I rating in the ASTM E-84 tunnel burn test.